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Journal of
eISSN: 2373-6410

Neurology & Stroke

Editorial Volume 3 Issue 2

Near-Infrared Light-Emitting Diodes as a Coadjutant Therapy for Inflammation of Cerebral Arterial Aneurysm

Manuel Dujovny,1 Onyekachi Ibe,2 Erin Morency3

1Department of Neurosurgery, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA
2College of Engineering & Information Science, DeVry University, Southfield, MI, USA
3School of Nursing, Oakland University, Human Health Building, Rochester MI, USA

Correspondence: Manuel Dujovny, 196 Long Lake Shore Drive, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 48386, USA, Tel 248 758-9662

Received: October 27, 2015 | Published: October 28, 2015

Citation: Dujovny M, Ibe O, Morency E (2015) Near-Infrared Light-Emitting Diodes as a Coadjutant Therapy for Inflammation of Cerebral Arterial Aneurysm. J Neurol Stroke 3(2): 00086. DOI: 10.15406/jnsk.2015.03.00086

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Epidemiologically, cerebral arterial aneurysms continue to be a source of mortality/morbidity with all of the improvements of modern technology for diagnosis and therapy.1 Recently several articles have been published regarding the association of the arterial wall inflammation size and cerebral arterial aneurysms; the deposition of macrophages is the common denominator.  Several medical inflammatory therapies have been suggested, although the potential of change in the growth mechanism could be detrimental for the patient. Histopathologically, the wound healing and inflammatory stages of aneurysms of the endothelium and arterial wall follow the same pattern as others areas of the body.2

Near infrared (NIR) light emitting diodes (LED) gallium arsenide (GaAs) were introduced in the 1960s by NASA for the space agriculture program and wound healing. Over the past 50 years developments have shown significant contributions to healing and decreased inflammation. Experimental applications have shown macrophage deposition significantly decreased with NIR LED GaAs therapy. Decreased macrophages influence levels of growth factors, cytokines, and CO.3 Along with these anti-inflammatory properties, NIR LED GaAs also has been shown to increase fibroblasts and collagen, reinforcing arterial walls, allowing for better hemodynamic stability.4

 This coadjutant therapy can be used in place of anti-inflammatory agents with  the potential of increased bleeding risk. This therapy can be influenced by the distance to the aneurysm wall, which varies by techniques. Most of these techniques are non surgical while the patient is preparing for the final invasive therapy. NIR LED GaAs is easy to apply and  economical. Animal research trials must be completed before clinical application.



Conflicts of interest



  1. Dujovny M, Agner C, Ibe O, et al. Self–closing aneurysm clip: a historical review. Neurol Res. 2010;32(10):1011–1020.
  2. Ollikainen E, Tulamo R, Frösen J, et al. Mast cells, neovascularization, and microhemorrhages are associated with saccular intracranial artery aneurysm wall remodeling. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2014;73(9):855–864.
  3. Ibe O, Morency E, Sosa P, et al. The role of near–infrared light–emitting diode in aging adults related to inflammation. Healthy Aging Research. 2015;4:24.
  4. Turkmani AH, Edwards NJ, Chen PR. The role of inflammation in cerebral aneurysm. Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation. 2015;2:102–106.
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©2015 Dujovny, et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.